Büste Marx

Projektbeschreibung / Project description

Büste Marx
Image: Jan-Peter Kasper (University of Jena)

Fragestellungen

  1. Inwieweit sind Innovationsprozesse in Ostdeutschland durch ein „Nachleben“ des sozialistischen Innovationssystems DDR-geprägt, und inwieweit beeinflusst dies die heutige Effizienz von Innovationsaktivitäten in Ostdeutschland.

  2. Welche Unterschiede in Bezug auf Effizienz von Innovationsaktivitäten bestehen zwischen Regionen in den Neuen und alten Ländern einerseits sowie im Vergleich zu ostmitteleuropäischen Regionen andererseits? Welche Rolle spielt dabei das Erbe des sozialistischen Innovationssystems?

  3. Inwiefern knüpft die Reorganisation von Innovationsprozessen in den Regionen der Neuen Länder an Gegebenheiten aus der Zeit vor 1945 an? Welchen Einfluss haben historische Gegebenheiten auf heutige Innovationsaktivitäten?

Innerhalb Ostdeutschlands bestehen heute wesentliche regionale Unterschiede hinsichtlich der Innovations-, Gründungs- und Internationalisierungaktivitäten und mithin der wirtschaftlichen Leistungsfähigkeit. In vielen Regionen ist ein zum Teil erheblicher Rückstand zu den alten Ländern feststellbar. Die Entwicklungsdisparitäten sind problematisch, weil sie zu Abwanderung qualifizierter Personen aus den Neuen Ländern führen, die dann wiederum für Innovations- und Gründungstätigkeiten fehlen. Vorliegende Analysen zeigen, dass die Disparitäten mit Strukturunterschieden allein nicht erklärt werden können. Eine wesentliche Forschungslücke besteht daher darin, zu klären, inwieweit die Innovationsschwäche über die bekannten Strukturmerkmale hinaus auf ein institutionelles Erbe des Sozialismus (und der Zeit davor) zurückzuführen ist.

Um diese Forschungslücke zu adressieren, werden historische Daten (1945-1990 und für die Zeit vor 1945), darunter insbesondere Patente und Indikatoren der wirtschaftlichen Leistungsfähigkeit sowie Internationalisierung, aufbereitet. Es werden damit vergleichende regionale Analysen mittels quantitativer ökonometrischer Verfahren durchgeführt.

 

Research Questions:

  1. To what extent are the current innovation processes and activities in East German regions shaped by the historical legacy of GDR’s socialist innovation system?

  2. What role does the legacy of the socialist innovation system play in the differences in the efficiency of innovation activities, not only between the regions in Eastern and Western Germany, but in Central and Eastern European countries as well?

  3. To what extent does the reorganization of innovation processes in the regions of East German federal states take into account the conditions that existed before 1945? Do these historical influences have a positive or negative effect on innovation processes?

The blocking of technical progress, analyzed at the macro level in SP1, had its origin in the specificity of the GDR innovation system. The socialist system was strongly oriented towards the Soviet innovation system based on a linear model of the innovation process. In this system scientific institutions were the source of new products and technologies that were then transferred directly to companies for mass production and implementation. This bifurcation of the innovation process stands in sharp contrast to market-based processes where institutions of learning work in tandem with business enterprises to provide the market with innovative products and technologies in response to the demands of users/consumers. Against this background, an enormous transformation of the innovation system in East Germany took place after 1989.

In spite of efforts to transform innovation processes in the former GDR, significant differences remain with regard to the levels of innovation input and output, new business formation and internationalization activities and, thus, economic performance when compared to the federal states in western Germany. Although some progress has been made to close this gap, its persistence is problematic and confounding. These disparities are problematic because they may induce outmigration of qualified personnel who are the very impetus for innovation and start-up activities. These regional disparities are also confounding because empirical analyses show that they can only be partly explained by structural differences found in the respective regions. A major research gap therefore lies in clarifying to what extent the weakness of innovation can be traced back to the institutional legacy of socialism (and the time before), beyond the known structural characteristics.

In order to address this research gap, we will collect data that include patent indicators, measures of economic performance and internationalization. These data will be organized to address specific historical eras: pre-WWII, 1945-1990 and more recent decades. This approach will allow us to disentangle the influences of the Soviet era from any regional differences that may have existed before World War II. We will expand our analyses to include not only German regions, but the regions of Central and Eastern Europe as well. We expect this expanded analysis to provide us with valuable insights into the historical legacies and influences of regional socialism. All of the data will be analyzed by applying quantitative econometric methods.

There is close cooperation with SP3, especially with regard to the preparation of historical data. The qualitative analyses of SP6 provide an important input for the analysis of the regional entrepreneurial potential in this SP.

Share this page
The Friedrich Schiller University on social media:
Studying amid excellence:
  • Logo of the "Total E-Quality" initiative
  • Logo of the best practice club "Family in Higher Education Institutions"
  • Logo of the "Partner University of High Performance Sports" project
  • Logo of quality of German Accreditation Council - system accredited
Top of the page